Since I offered this service to my local community there has been a lot of interest so I thought I would explain to the technically curious the process I am using to create VHS and other old formats to digital files.

I am now accepting 8mm and Super 8 film reels for conversion. See below.

Background

Most of us have old tapes lying around the house. Some of these are originals from the camcorders we spent lot of money on in the 90s and noughties; others are copies of weddings or events on VHS tapes. We have the tapes, and some even have the cameras that recorded them, but it is difficult to view the material in a simple way. The tech has left this goldmine of memories behind.

About me

I have been a video editor for a long time starting off with the Food and Drink Show (Jilly Goolden) and Changing Rooms (Carol Smillie) and now I edit Love Island, I’m a Celebrity and Premier League football. I often have to work with old footage that needs cleaning up for broadcast and I have a full edit suite in my house, so while I am waiting for TV to restart I thought I would put it to work.

The process

The first stage is to get the tapes to me. Very simple, just drop the tapes off in a blue box at my house in Oxshott. Then I will go through each tape to check the material is your footage and not lots of TV recordings mislabelled as “Christening”. I work out the duration of the footage and give you a price. Once you give me the go-ahead, the magic starts.

Warning technical mumble starts here. Want to skip to the “let’s do it section”? Click here

Whether the material is on VHS or camera tapes (DV, Hi8, etc) it needs to be “captured” by the editing software. I use several tricks to do this which I won’t explain here but it is in the highest quality I can extract from the old formats.

Once the master file or files are saved I then edit them together or sometimes split them into logical sections (eg for a wedding I will do Church, wedding breakfast and speeches and evening reception).

Then for VHS I add a small border to the top and bottom of the picture to hide the ugly information that used to be hidden by CRT or glass screens but show up and are very annoying on flat screens and devices.

Then I do another fix to stop the comb like effect you see with fast movement on an old video. This is a bit technical and is called de-interlacing and I certainly won’t try to explain it here but here is a before and after.

Before and after de-interlacing

I then break down the video into smaller sections and if I have the information name the clips (eg. Christmas 2001). So instead of one clip that is 2 hours long you get 5 or 6 smaller ones that you can rename once you remember that the clip was Uncle George’s 50th.

Finally I export the video using another piece of software to produce a final file. For the technical I use H.264 which is a universal format that works on pretty much everything both on Apple and non-apple devices. I upload the file(s) to Google Drive (no extra charge) and send you a link to download the file and save it wherever is best for you. If you want I can put all the clips on a USB memory stick (see extras below).

Finally you pick up the original tapes and put them back in the loft for another 10 years.

A note on video sizes

Most of the videos (pre-2002 anyway) I convert are in the old 4×3 format which means they only take up part of a widescreen TV. The files I deliver are in the original format so should not stretch or be zoomed on a 16×9 format widescreen TV. This gives you the best quality and you don’t lose any of the picture. There is a small black line at the top and bottom of the screen.

A 4×3 image on a 16×9 TV. The black edges are called pillarboxes

VHS tape (and DV and Hi8) are all standard definition so they have roughly 720 pixels or lines from top to bottom. HD screens have 1080 lines top to bottom (4K is 2160) so the video will be zoomed by your TV or device which does lower the quality, but my bespoke process does make them look pretty good even on a big TV. If you use the VLC player (recommended) to watch your video and it is quite small then click the Always Fit Window option in the Video menu.

How to re-scale your video to full size

Pricing

I charge £20 per hour of material. There is a minimum charge of £20. So if you have 3, 30 minute long tapes that will cost £30 to convert. I will quote you a fixed price once I have seen the material but before starting the job. My rates are roughly the same as commercial duplicators but my quality is higher, I’m local – I don’t send your valuable tapes off anywhere – and I try to get the very best out of every tape I see.

Extra services

If downloading is not for you I can put the files on a USB memory stick or a DVD disc (not a DVD-video – that’s requires a whole extra process), for an extra fee. I can make DVD-videos so please ask if you wan this service.

The files I give you are in the H.264 format which is great for watching but not great for editing (although it is possible). For a short period I will keep the intermediate material (unless you ask me to delete it) which is suitable for editing, so if you want that really funny bit from Uncle John’s speech and the first dance as a separate video let me know before I delete it.

If you are looking for more than just video conversion or simple edits I can look after all your video requirements and have a network of colleagues in the industry I can put you in touch with.

The smallprint

Video tapes are not the most robust pieces of tech and occasionally tapes do get “creased”. These can usually be repaired with a little bit of tape damage, but if the tape snaps (or has been repaired before I get it) there may be no recovery.

The tapes I receive will be acclimatised and physically inspected before putting them in a player.

I take no responsibility if, unfortunately, the tapes you give me are damaged during the process of copying and I will ask you to sign an indemnity statement when you drop off the tapes.

Converting film to files is a very different process to converting video since films are optical. The process is called “telecine” and involves a camera scanning a film. There are cheap, bad quality ways of doing this or a proper way and since you only want to do this once I suggest you do it the proper way. This is the method I use.

I take a look at your film (8mm or Super 8) using a manual feed viewing system to get some idea of the content and if it can be scanned. The next stage is to convert the film into a high quality video file using a “wet-gate” that cleans the film and steps through it frame by frame, at roughly a quarter of normal speed.

The resulting high quality files are then edited, colour corrected and split into compressed files that can be viewed on any modern device.

As you may have guessed film to digital file is not a quick process. Conversion is charged by length of film – hence the term “footage” when talking about camera recordings. Additional fees are charged for pre-checking the material and DVD-video conversion. Once your material is dropped off I will evaluate it and give you a quote.

Here is a guide to the amount of “footage” on a reel. If the reel isn’t full then measure the diameter of the film to get an idea of the duration of the material.

Here’s how to distinguish between the two types of 8mm film

I can’t be bothered to read this I just want it done – what do I do now?

Great. Email me scott@pukka.tv with your number and roughly what you want done. I will get back to you and give you the drop off address. I give you a quote, you say yes, I convert your footage to modern files, you embarrass your children.

I look forward to hearing from you. Email scott@pukka.tv or call 07774 458598